EliteWineAndLiquor.com
EliteWineAndLiquor.com

Useful Information and Glossary

Serious connoisseurs are capable of discerning multiple flavors in a wine, and they possess a highly specialized vocabulary to describe it. In addition to the terms used to describe flavor, wines are subject to various classification schemes whose names can easily overwhelm the uninitiated.

The glossary below explains several key terms and concepts. We hope this information is useful to you in determining your choice of wine.

Term

Definition

Alcohol

Ethyl alcohol, a byproduct of fermentation that is contained in all alcoholic beverages - beer, hard liquor and wine.

Ale

A rich-tasking beer, usually amber colored and bitter in taste.

Aperitif

A light alcoholic drink, usually wine-based, that is served before a meal to stimulate appetite.

Appellation (AOC)

Literally "name" in French. When applied to wine, it denotes the geographical area where the grapes were grown. Also applies to cheeses, butters and other agricultural products

Armagnac

An French brandy.

Asti Spumante

An effervescent sweet white wine from Italy.

AVA

An American Viticultural Area.  Designates a geographical wine-grape-growing region in the United States

Barley

A grain that used in brewing of beer.

Beer

A beverage brewed from malted barley and other grains that can include wheat or rice. Hops or a variety of other natural ingredients can be added for flavor.

Bitters

A concentrated liquid flavoring agent made from roots, barks, herbs and/or berries. Many liquor stores offer small bottles of bitters for sale.

Blended whiskey

A whiskey that is a blend of other whiskies.

Bock beer

German-style beer that is full-bodied, slightly sweet and high in alcohol content.

Bordeaux

A famous wine-growing region of France. The term "Bordeaux" is also used to denote wines that are produced in that region, or in the style of wines from that region.

Bourbon

(also called sour mash whiskey) - A traditional whiskey that is usually made in the Southern United States; a portion of old mash is mixed with the new to smoothen the flavor.

Brandy

A liquor distilled from wine.

Brut

Literally "dry" in French. Used to denote a sparkling wine or champagne that is dry, not sweet, in flavor.

Cabernet Sauvignon

A variety of red grape. Also used as a name for the wine that is made from that grape.

Chardonnay

A white wine.

Chianti

An Italian red wine.

Cognac

A liquor distilled from wine.

Canadian whiskey

A blended whiskey produced in Canada.

Cooler

A Novelty bottled drink made with liquor, wine and various flavorings.

Cordial

A sweet liqueur flavored with fruits, seeds, plants or other agents.

Decanting

The process of pouring wine from its bottle into a decanter to separate the sediment from the wine.

Distillation

The process of heating a liquid until it vaporizes, then cooling it so that it condenses into a purified form.

DO

The Spanish certification scheme for wines and other agricultural products.  Similar to the French AOC.

DOCG

An Italian quality-assurance label modeled after the French AOC.  Indicates a controlled designation of origin is guaranteed.

Draft beer

Beer that is dispensed from a tank, cask or keg.

Fermentation

Conversion of sugars into ethyl alcohol and carbon dioxide, through the action of yeast. This is the fundamental process that creates all alcoholic beverages.

Gin

A white liquor, popular in England, that is flavored with Juniper berries and other botanicals.

Grain neutral spirits

Alcohol distilled from grain, usually sold at 190 proof.

Grand cru

A regional French wine designation for a vineyard know for its favorable reputation.  It is the highest level of classification of AOC wines from Burgundy or Alsace.

Hops

Conelike flowers that are used in brewing to flavor beer and ales.

Irish whiskey

A whiskey, imported from Ireland, that is rich in malt content.

Kosher wine

Wine produced under the supervision of a rabbi.

Julep

A sweet cocktail, invented in the Southern United States, that contains crushed mint leaves blended with bourbon, brandy, gin or another liquor.

Keg

A metal container used to dispense beer. Many liquor stores sell beer by the keg (or by the half keg, which is simply a smaller keg), to be used by customers at parties. After use, the keg is returned to the retailer, who returns the keg to the brewery or beer distributor for refilling and reuse."

Lager

A sweetened alcoholic beverage made from flavoring ingredients and a fundamental alcoholic spirit such as brandy or grain alcohol.

Liqueur

A sweetened alcoholic beverage made from flavoring ingredients and a fundamental alcoholic spirit such as brandy or grain alcohol.

Liquor

A distilled alcoholic beverage made from a fermented mash of various ingredients.

Magnum

A bottle holding 1.5 litres, equal to two regular bottles of wine.

Malt liquor

An American-style fortified beer that has a higher alcohol content than regular beer.

Mash

Grain or malt that is ground or crushed. Used in brewing beer and in the fermentation of whiskey.

Merlot

A variety of red wine grape used to create a popular red wine. Also used to denote wine that is made from the Merlot grape.

Mis en bouteille au chateau

Literally "bottled at the chateau" in French.

Napa Valley

An important wine-growing region in northern California.

Nose

A tasting term for the aroma or bouquet of a wine.

Oenophile

A wine aficionado or connoisseur.

Port

A sweet fortified wine originally produced in Portugal.

Porter

A heavy, dark-brown beer.

Proof

The measure of any beverage's alcoholic strength. A proof number proof is equal to twice the percentage of alcohol in the beverage. Example: 100 proof = 50% alcohol.

Riesling

A variety of German grape that is used to make white wine. Also used to denote wine that is made from that grape.

Rose

A pink wine, often made from a mixture of red and white wines.

Rum

A liquor distilled from the fermented juice of sugar cane and/or molasses.

Rye whiskey

A whiskey distilled from rye wheat and/or corn and aged in charred oak barrels.

Sangria

A punch made from red wine and fruit juice. Some brands of sangria are also sold by the bottle.

Scotch whiskey

A whiskey from Scotland with a smoky flavor that resulted from the use of malt barley dried over peat fires.

Sec

Literally "dry" in French.

Sekt

The German name for champagne.

Sherry

A fortified wine that originated in Spain and Portugal.

Shiraz

A grape used to make red wine.

Syrah

A grape used to make red wine.

Sparkling wine

An effervescent wine.

Split

A wine bottle that holds 6 oz (175-187 ml) or one-fourth the equivalent of a typical 750 ml bottle.

Spumante

Literally "sparkling" in Italian.

Stout

A strong, dark beer.

Sour Mash Whiskey (also called bourbon)

Whiskey, usually made in the Southern United States. In its production, a portion of old mash is mixed with the new to smoothen the flavor.

Tequila

A liquor, usually from Mexico, made from the fermented juice of the agave plant or other cactus-like plants.

Varietals

Wines made from a single grape variety.

Vermouth

A wine aperitif that is flavored with herbs and fortified with brandy. Comes in both sweet and dry varieties.

Viniculture

The art and science of making wine.

Vintage

The year when a wine's grapes were harvested.

Vodka

A pure white liquor. Originally made from potatoes, it is now often distilled from corn or wheat.

Wine

An alcoholic beverage usually made from the fermentation of mashed grapes.

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Where to Find Us:

Elite Wine and Liquor

1003 Georgian Park

Peachtree City, GA 30269

 

Phone: 770.632.4159

Email: info@EliteWineAndLiquor.com

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